Keeping a healthy pond
habitat over the years can be a challenge, but with a few tips
from the experts, it can be accomplished. The basics of maintaining
a healthy pond habitat are to keep the water filtered and oxygenated,
have a good biological medium, and plants that fight algae for nutrients.
To keep the water in your pond habitat filtered and oxygenated, you
need a pump, filter, and aerator. You can usually find a system today
that includes all three. A pump will take in the old water, send it
through a filter and push it back out again in either a waterfall
or fountain form. This motion also aerates the water by bringing the
water from the bottom of the pond to the surface.
In your pond habitat, you also want to include a good biological
medium where ammonia-eating bacteria or animals can live. These animals
will eat the waste from the fish and process it into nitrates which
are great for your plants. If you have enough plants, they will fight
algae for nutrients, which will keep your algae from growing. This
nitrogen cycle is what will create a healthy pond habitat.